Thyroid Disorders

Accurate evaluation of thyroid swellings through physical examination and imaging techniques to Devise precise treatment plans for complete relief

Treatments That Transform Lives

The thyroid is a small gland as little as a butterfly and is located in the lower portion of your neck. It secretes hormones like T3 (triiodothyronine), and T4 ( thyroxine). These hormones help in controlling your body’s metabolism. Thyroid swelling or goitre can occur due to iodine deficiency, autoimmune disease, solitary or multinodular goitre, and cancer. The derangement of thyroid hormones can result in hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. At Halsted, we evaluate the thyroid swellings through physical examination and use imaging techniques like thyroid ultrasound to diagnose and come up with apt treatment procedures.

Common Thyroid Conditions

Hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism
Goitre
Hypothyroidism- Less Hormone Production
Hypothyroidism is one of the most commonly seen thyroid disorders. In this, the thyroid gland produces thyroid hormone in very less quantity than required. It often goes unrecognised for years before it is finally diagnosed and treated. This can cause profound health implications.
Causes
  • Thyroid gland inflammation (This can happen in postpartum thyroiditis, acute thyroiditis, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis)
  • Any health issues related to hypothalamus or pituitary glands
  • Body’s resistance to the thyroid hormone
Symptoms
  • Swelling of body
  • Difficulty to tolerate cold temperatures
  • Drying of skin
  • Depression and tiredness
  • Constipation
  • Irregularities in the menstrual cycle
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Pain in joints and muscles
  • Fatigue
Hyperthyroidism - Excess Hormone Production
Hyperthyroidism is the condition in which the thyroid gland produces hormones in excess. It can be due to many reasons, but the most common is the Graves' diseases. In this disease, the antibodies keep stimulating the thyroid gland to produce hormones excessively.
Causes
  • Grave’s disease
  • Excess intake of iodine
  • Thyroid inflammation
  • Tumours in ovaries or testes
  • Thyroid gland nodules
  • Nodules in goitre
Symptoms
  • Elevated blood pressure levels
  • Increased heart rate
  • Excessive sweating
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Nervousness and anxiety
  • Tiredness and tremors
  • Intolerance to heat
  • Difficulty in concentrating
Goitre- Thyroid Gland Enlargement
Goitre refers to the enlargement of the thyroid gland. The gland enlarges in such a way that it ends up compressing the other vital parts like oesophagus and trachea. This can make swallowing and breathing difficult for the affected person.
Causes
  • Graves' disease
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Radiation exposure
  • Hashimoto's disease
  • Thyroiditis
  • Nodules in goitre
Symptoms
  • Swelling of neck
  • Hoarse voice
  • Swelling of neck vein
  • Coughing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Excessive sweating
  • Diarrhoea

Thyroid Disorders- Diagnosis And Treatment

You can suspect a thyroid disorder based on common signs and symptoms, a proven medical history, or with the help of blood tests that reveal irregularities in the levels of antibodies, T3, and T4. A physical examination conducted by an expert medical practitioner can help detect a thyroid disorder.

Treatment

Medications
  • Synthetic thyroid hormone pills
  • Medicines to reduce thyroid hormone levels
  • Medicines to prevent the release of hormone from the gland
  • Radioactive ablation to destroy thyroid tissue selectively.
Thyroid Surgery
  • To remove a large goitre.
  • To remove a hyperfunctioning nodule inside the gland.
  • To eliminate the possibility of cancer.

A Healthy You- The Halsted Promise

We promise you relief, comfort and health. Whatever be your thyroid issue, talk to us and get the right diagnosis! Treat it right to heal it well!
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